Passive Voice Chart
Verb tenses & aspects
John sells cars.
Cars are sold by John.
John sold cars.
Cars were sold by John.
John is selling cars.
Cars are being sold by John.
John was selling cars.
Cars were being sold by John.
John has sold cars.
Cars have been sold by John.
John had sold cars.
Cars had been sold by John.
John will sell cars.
Cars will be sold by John.
John would sell cars.
Cars would be sold by John.
John will have sold cars.
Cars will have been sold by John.
John would sell cars.
Cars would have been sold by John.
Future be going to
John is going to sell cars.
Cars are going to be sold by John.
Future in the past
John was going to sell cars.
Cars were going to be sold by John.
YOU WILL FIND ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT PASSIVE IN ENGLISH IN THE FOLLOWING LINKS:
- ALL ABOUT PASSIVE. Click here and browse the whole site Highly recommended.
- Tutorial on PASSIVE
- Myths about PASSIVE USE
- Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain. (King James Bible, Isaiah 40:4)
- Now is the winter of our discontent / Made glorious summer by this sun of York. (Shakespeare's Richard III, I.1, ll. 1–2)
- For of those to whom much is given, much is required. (John F. Kennedy's quotation of Luke 12:48 in his address to the Massachusetts legislature, 9 January 1961.)
- Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few. (Winston Churchill addressing the House of Commons, 20 August 1940.)
- The child was struck by the car.
- The store was robbed last night.
- Plows should not be kept in the garage.
- Kennedy was elected president.
- We had hoped to report on this problem, but the data were inadvertently deleted from our files.
- Don't you see? The patient was murdered by his own doctor!
- The breakthrough was achieved by Burlingame and Evans, two researchers in the university's genetic engineering lab.
- John threw the ball.
- The ball was thrown.
- The ball was thrown by John.
- John gave Mary a book. → Mary was given a book.
- John gave Mary a book. → Mary was given a book by John.
- They talked about the problem. → The problem was talked about.
- They say that he left. → It is said that he left
- The window was broken.
- [Someone] broke the window.
- The window was not intact.
- The door was opened. → [Someone] opened the door.
- The door was open. → The door was in the open state.
- She was relieved to find her car undamaged.
- He was relieved of duty.
- He was rumored to be a war veteran. ← *[Someone] rumored him to be a war veteran.
- It was rumored that he was a war veteran. ← *[Someone] rumored that he was a war veteran.
- The project is expected to be completed in the next year.
- [Someone] expects the project to be completed in the next year.
- [Someone] is expected to complete the project in the next year.
- [Someone] expects [someone] to complete the project in the next year.
- ?The project will be attempted to be completed in the next year. ← *[Someone] will attempt the project to be completed in the next year. ← [Someone] will attempt to complete the project in the next year.
- “There were a great number of dead leaves lying on the ground” has no sign of the passive in it anywhere.
- “It was not long before she was very sorry that she had said what she had”, also contains nothing that is even reminiscent of the passive construction.
- “The reason that he left college was that his health became impaired”, is presumably fingered as passive because of impaired, but that’s a mistake. It’s an adjective here.
HAVE A NICE WEEK.